Intercourse is most likely the activity that led to your pregnancy, but some couples wonder if that is one of the last times they will experience intimacy for a long time. For healthy couples experiencing healthy pregnancies, sex during pregnancy is not a risky behavior. In fact, many couples experience a new level of intimacy and several benefits of sex during pregnancy.
Sex During the First Trimester of Pregnancy
Even though your outside appearance is probably the same, your newly pregnant body is undergoing several changes that might affect your sex drive. The rush of hormones, the increase in fatigue, and the possible morning sickness might just be enough to cause you to want to say No more than Yes. There might also be new emotions and stresses for you and your partner as you both adjust to the new roles you are embarking upon as parents. Some worry about harming the growing baby during intercourse and cause interfering anxiety. For healthy moms-to-be, though, sex during the first trimester does not have to be avoided unless recommended by a healthcare provider.
Sex During the Second Trimester of Pregnancy
Your body is now probably changing physically on the outside, perhaps causing you to have new concerns about self-image. Some women feel confident and excited about their changing features and experience an increased sex drive as their hormones level off and they have more energy. This might be the time when partners need to experiment with new positions that are more comfortable.
Sex During the Third Trimester of Pregnancy
Probably the biggest challenge for couples when it comes to sex during the third trimester is the physical reality of being 7 to 9 months pregnant. Not only has a woman’s abdomen expanded, but she might be more uncomfortable in certain positions and her partner might be hesitant about intimacy when he can feel the baby moving. For most women sex during the last trimester is perfectly healthy, but you might need to avoid lying on your back because of the increased pressure it causes on blood flow.
What Do I Need to Worry About Sex During Pregnancy?
Your growing baby is safely protected in your uterus by strong muscles and the amniotic fluid, making sex during pregnancy not typically a problem. While intercourse during pregnancy is generally considered safe, there are some precautions that partners might need to take and some risk factors of which they should be aware.
- Use caution and speak with your healthcare provider if you have a history of premature labor and/or delivery.
- Refrain from sexual activity if you have unexplained vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.
- Refrain from sexual activity if you are leaking amniotic fluid.
- Do not engage in intercourse if you are diagnosed with placenta previa (a condition where the placenta to some degrees covers the cervical opening).
- Avoid anal sex as it can lead to a bacterial infection that can spread to your vagina and possibly enter the birth canal.
- Use condoms if you or your partner has a sexually transmitted disease, either one of you aren’t practicing monogamy, or your healthcare provider instructs you to for other reasons.
After pregnancy it is generally advised that you wait 4 to 6 weeks before having intercourse or possibly longer if you had a C-section or trauma to the vaginal region during delivery. Make sure that you use some sort of contraceptive method to avoid becoming pregnant right away. Take it slowly and listen to your body in regards to when it feels ready to be intimate again. Don’t forget to to take the babyQ survey to improve your pregnancy health!
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